History and many historical books teach us that the Sarajevo assassination was the cause of the outbreak of the First World War. However, many historians agree that this event when Gavrilo Princip (a member of the movement called Mlada Bosna) on June 28, 1914 fired bullets and killed Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia, launched a series of events that had the beginning of the First World war. The secret organization of Mlada Bosna aimed at firing the Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina by rebellions and assassinations. We are talking about historical facts since 103 years ago, and historians say no assassination in contemporary history has left such a mark as the Sarajevo assassination.
Visit of the Austro-Hungarian crown prince to military garrisons
The Austro-Hungarian eponymous Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia had to arrive in Sarajevo (at the invitation of the then Governor of Bosnia, General Oscar Potiorek) to visit military garrisons and oversee the military exercises of Austro-Hungarian soldiers. They arrived in Sarajevo by train from Metković (Croatia) on June 27, 2014. They were accommodated in the hotel Bosna (today’s complex of Hotel Ilidža) in Ilidža. An official dinner was held in the evening on June 27, 2014. On June 28, 2014 Archbishop Franz Ferdinand ordered his driver not to rush with the intent to look more closely at the city. A solemn ceremony was organized in the Council. The guests traveled along Appel’s keel (now the Obala Kulina Bana).
The first attempt at the assassination failed when one of the pupils had failed to drop the bomb (which exploded beneath the car). The driver saw the thrown bomb and accelerated the vehicle.
The second thrown bomb was deadly
Automobile Gräf & Stift (where Franz Ferdinand and Sophia were killed today is located in a military museum in Vienna) with their guests arrived at the City Hall, where short reception was held. Then they went to the hospital to visit the wounded, they went to attack the bomb. They were driving the same route to the hospital when the driver made a fatal mistake and turned sharply into the narrow street of Franjo Jozef (today’s Green Berets Street). Although the driver tried to return the car back to Appel’s kay, the assassin who was on the corner of these two streets fired a fatal hate and killed the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia.
The assassin Gavrilo Princip and other members of the Mlada Bosna Movement, who participated in the preparation of the assassinations, were arrested. They were sentenced to life imprisonment. Most of them died in prisons throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the First World War ended, the remains of the assassins were exhumed and buried at the St. Marko’s Church in Koševo. The Kapela of the Vidovdan heroes was built at this cemetery in memory of the members of the Mlada Bosna movement.
At the place of the death of the Archduke and his wife, there is a memorial plaque. In the nearby building, the Sarajevo Museum was built. The period of Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at the same time the main topic of this museum.