Meet Tušnica- a mountain which survived bombing

Meet Tušnica- a mountain which survived bombing

Meet Tušnica- a mountain which survived bombing This mountain is special, based on the legend from which its name originated

According to the orientation parameter, Tušnica is located in the southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Spatially, it is located between the Livno and Duvno fields. Its vastness occupies the area of the municipality of Livno, but also Tomislavgrad. The highest peak is Viternik, with a height of 1697 m. The mountain is not large, but it is noticed and characteristic for that part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Tušnica is also known for its numerous deposits of brown coal, which stand out from the mine founded in 1888. That mine employed about 300 residents of the surrounding towns. Today, the mine is threatened with closure, and Vladimir Nazor wrote: “I peeked into the mine. Good coal… In this area, the country still offers us lignite, bitumen, sulfur, bauxite, and even iron ore… What all lies neglected and unused in the depths of our people! Just like the treasure in the Tušnica mine! ” The biggest rise of the mine reached in the sixties, when the number of employees exceeded 600 people. Also, the mine was noticed for the biggest accident that happened in 1955. The accident happened in the pit “Martinovac”, and six miners were died.

This mountain is special based on the legend from which its name originated. Namely, according to all sources, there were five brothers and two sisters, who were taken to the shores of the Adriatic, during one of the migrations. The brothers were called Klukas, Lobel, Muhlo, Kosjenc and Hrvat, and the sisters were called Tuga and Buga. One of the conspiracy theories says that Duvno and the mountain belonged to Tuga, after which the mountain was named Tušnica, while the other sister Buga belonged to the field on the southwest side of the mountain all the way to Livno.

Today, there are TV and radio transmitters on Tušnica, while during the last war in BiH they were completely destroyed. As the mountain, in addition to its beauty, also owned a mine, in ancient times a mining settlement was formed. It is called “Kolonija”, and it consisted of a wooden house and residential buildings, of which there were eight. In 1960, they installed the first TV set in the Livno field, and because of that it was necessary to build a pillar, which exceeds a height of 20 m.

Written by Emina Čamić

Translated by Alma Gadžo

Meet Tušnica- a mountain which survived bombing

Tušnica mountain

According to the orientation parameter, Tušnica is located in the southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Have you visited Homeland museum in a town on the Sava river?

Grad na savi- Gradiška

Have you visited Homeland museum in a town on the Sava river? If you come to Gradiška, for at least one day, and not visit the Homeland Museum, as if you had never been to the city on the Sava

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If you come to Gradiška, for at least one day, and not visit the Homeland Museum, as if you had never been to the city on the Sava. This year, the Gradiška Homeland Museum celebrates a valuable jubilee – 50 years of successful work. Motive more for you to come to the beautiful building of the former hotel ‘Kaiser’ (Kaiser), where this institution has been located since 2005. With two permanent exhibits, historical and archaeological and a very lively cultural and documentary program in the large gallery, the Homeland Museum is recognized as a center of cultural events.

The first museum exhibition was organized by the Gradiška Homeland Museum in 1970. It is a permanent museum exhibit ‘Ways of Victory’. It covered the period from the Bosnian Uprising of 1875-1878. until the fall of 1970. It is interesting that the exhibition was opened by the President of the Assembly of BiH, Džemal Bijedić. The exhibition was accompanied by a photo-monograph printed in 9000 copies. Simultaneously with this exhibition, work was done on collecting archeological material. The research in Donja Dolina in 1974 and 1975, under the leadership of archaeologist Zdenko Žeravica, was very fruitful.

A handful of finds from Donja Dolina, in which archeological research was started by Ćiro Truhelka at the beginning of the 20th century, including a monoxyl – a boat carved in a tree trunk found in 1904, ended up in the National Museum in Sarajevo. ‘Lower Valley in Prehistory’ is the name of a permanent archeological exhibition, authored by archaeologist Milan Đurđević, and was set up in 1980. A year later, Đurđević began excavations in the town of Vrbaški, popularly known as Marija’s town, which is located on the hill Pavetnjak above Gornji Podgradac.

The Gradiška Homeland Museum received the status of a public institution in 2003, and that is when the staff strengthening of this institution began. Curator and historian Bojan Vujčić has organized a series of historical exhibitions since 2012, and the book ‘Bosnian Gradiška and its surroundings in the First World War’, which was presented at the Belgrade Fair in 2019, and the album ‘Civil Gradiška’ stand out with pride. In 2019, the Museum published the book ‘Gradiški mostovi na Savi’, author Bojan Vujčić, and at the end of the same year, the director of the Homeland Museum Bojan Vujinović published the book ‘Manastirište u Gornji Kijevci’. The Cyrillic inscription from 1301 is one of the most valuable exhibits of the Homeland Museum of Gradiška, and this year the Post of the Republika Srpska will present it on a postage stamp on the occasion of the jubilee.

Although of local importance, the Homeland Museum often performed archeological excavations in Skelani, Bakinci, Derventa, Srbac, Žitomislić, Prijedor, Šušnjari near Slatina, Laktaši and other locations. The final works on the shooting of a documentary-feature film about Veljko Čubrilović are in progress. And along with the film, Čubrilović Square is being built, on the site where the house of Čubrilović, the most famous Gradiška family, used to be.

Written by Boško Grgić 

Translated by Alma Gadžo

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Discover the unique beauty on the slopes of the Prenj mountain

Boračko lake

Discover the unique beauty on the slopes of the Prenj mountain It is a favorite picnic spot and resort, for both foreign and domestic tourists

Boracko Lake is located on the slopes of Mount Prenj,  surrounded by green coniferous and deciduous forestst. It is a favorite picnic spot and resort, for both foreign and domestic tourists. It is one of the natural pearls of Herzegovina, which leaves no one indifferent with its unusual beauty. The lake attracts a large number of tourists, athletes, fishermen who enjoy the beauties of this place. Also, within dense vegetation it is possible to see chamois moving freely. Enjoy the beautiful shots we have recorded for you.

Boračko lake

Boračko lake

Discover the unique beauty on the slopes of the Prenj mountain

Translated by Alma Gadžo

Written by Dalila Šečić

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Small wooden water mills on the Pliva river called Mlinčići – guardians of the tradition several hundred years old

Pliva water mills

Small wooden water mills on the Pliva river called Mlinčići - guardians of the tradition several hundred years old They are over 400 years old and are an example of traditional local carpentry skills.

The royal town of Jajce is located at the confluence of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas. Although the valleys of the Pliva and Vrbas have been inhabited since ancient times, this royal city began to develop in the Middle Ages, and its founder was Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvantić. The city itself was the capital of the Bosnian kings, and therefore bears the epithet of a royal city.

There are numerous sights in this city that are worth visiting, due to their historical, natural and archaeological beauty. One of these attractions are the little mills called mlinčići. They are located between the Great and Small Pliva Lakes, and they are built of oak wood. They are over 400 years old and are an example of traditional local carpentry skills.

Data from 1562 say that there were 24 mills at that time, of which only six were not in function. In the 17th century, the number of little mills increased to 26. They were then owned by landowners, and were given for use to the local population, who paid landowners a tax on flour.

Although they have not been in function for a long time, the little mills in Jajce attract a large number of tourists, but they are mostly targeted by foreign and domestic photographers. In 2009, the little mills/ mlinčići was declared a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In May 2011, unknown perpetrators set fire to four grinders, which burned to the ground. Two years later, the burning mills were rebuilt as part of the 14th Regional Restoration Camp.

Translated: Alma Gadžo

Written by: Samra Raković

Video: Dalila Šečić

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The mysterious fortress Kastel in Banja Luka

Fortress kastel

The mysterious fortress Kastel in Banja Luka Kastel Fortress is the oldest monument in Banja Luka

Kastel Fortress keeps the deepest secrets of this city, because it is the oldest monument in Banja Luka. It is located on the left bank of the Vrbas and with its massiveness it tells us about great events and greats who used it as a defensive position and military fortification from the ancient period to the new century.
The total area of Kastel is 48,000 square kilometers, the ramparts consist of nine bastions and two drops of a tower within the ramparts. It is surrounded on all sides by thick stone walls on which loopholes and observation posts have been erected, and its final shape and present-day form was given in the 18th century.
Data on its origin lead us to the second century AD in Roman times, when it was built as a military camp or Castro. The Kastel fortress is entered from three directions to the north, west and east. It is also interesting that the remains of residential buildings dating from the 8th and 12th centuries were found in the area of Kastel, and the oldest object that confirms that there was an ancient settlement is an altar dedicated to the Roman god Jupiter. On this beautifully carved stone monument, found in 1895, there is an inscription which deciphered the text: “Jupiter, the greatest genius of this place in Sicily, acrin, consular benefactor of the province of Upper Pannonia, fulfilled his vow voluntarily and with gratitude.” Several specimens of late antique bronze, pottery and one late antique bronze fibula were found inside the fortress. Descriptions and drawings from the 18th century give a picture of the fortification with numerous casemates, but also with more than 30 barns for grain.
Nevertheless, the very development of the city and the significance of the city and thus the castle began during the time of Ferhad-pasha Sokolović. Ferhad-pasha first built his fortified tophana on the site of today’s Kastel, and ten years later the tophana grew into a real fortified town with towers and basins, which was constantly extended.
Next to the fortress itself, there is an artillery workshop that was used to make cannons, rifles and gunpowder and was opened at the beginning of the 18th century. It was during this period that the most famous battle near the Kastel fortress in 1737 took place during the Turkish rule. The battle of Banja Luka was started by Austrian units under the command of General Hildenburghausen, which penetrated the Vrbas valley and began the siege of Kastel. However, the Bosnian governor Ali-pasha Hećimoglu defeated the Austrian army with a sudden attack from the hill Lauš, and so Kastel remained unconquered. In the 19th century, Kastel, like other fortresses, lost the military significance that it had before, but it was and remains, as it is on the coat of arms, the symbol of the city of Banja Luka. In 1950, the Kastel Fortress was declared a cultural and Istrian heritage site of the first category, and in 2002 it was added to the list of endangered monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Source:Wikipedia /Saša Knežić
Translated: Alma Gadžo

Fortress kastel

Kastel fortress in Banja Luka

It is located on the left bank of the Vrbas and with its massiveness it tells us about great events and greats who used it as a defensive position and military fortification from the ancient period to the new century.

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Meet the keeper of hidden secrets in Počitelj -the city of stone and water

Pocitelj

Meet the keeper of hidden secrets in Počitelj The city of stone and water

Počitelj is a unique settlement within the municipality of Čapljina, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina). It is located on the left bank of the Neretva river, on the main  road from Mostar to Metković, in the north of the municipality of Čapljina. Its historic urban center dates back to the 14th century. Pocitelj is a protected national monument of BiH and is on the UNESCO list.

Although the town was first mentioned in written documents in 1444, it is assumed that it was built by the Bosnian king Tvrtko in 1383. This medieval town had a Mediterranean look, but after the Turkish conquest it was orientally remodeled. The mixture of these two architectural styles gives Počitelj a special dimension.

Apart from the extraordinary oriental culture and Ottoman style, Počitelj is interesting and known as the host of an art colony with the longest tradition in Southeastern Europe.

Počitelj Fortress was built between the 14th and 15th centuries, at intervals, when construction was suspended. The original medieval core of the city is the oldest fenced part, where two phases of construction can be identified: older, inner city or fortress (tower with a small inner courtyard – donjon) from the end of the 14th century, with later additions, alterations and reinforcements from the second half of the 15th century. Judging by the appearance of the oldest parts of the fort, it can be assumed that the small place, below the fort,dates from an earlier or the same period as the fort itself. Shortly before 1698. the fort was considerably enlarged and fortified with a stronger defense system. The city is walled so as to form an inner donjon with a square tower, two bastions (Mehmed-paša’s and Delibaša’s), Dizdar’s house, granary, fortification mosque and “water tower” (cistern with entrance and stairs leading to the water), two large and two small portal (gate). During the war in BiH from 1992-96. year, the fort did not suffer serious damage.

In the Neretva valley, the main stronghold in the defense against the Turks was in Počitelj. This fortress was built by the Bosnian king Tvrtko I in 1383 and had a strategic role in controlling the road to the sea, along the Neretva river valley. Today, the historic town of Počitelj, which was built below the fortress, has an oriental appearance and is entirely in the function of tourism and cultural events.

Translated by Alma Gadžo

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Lake Nula – a beautiful pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which beauty will take your breath

Lake Nula - a beautiful pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina , which beauty will take your breath

Lake Nula or better known as lake Smreka is located not so far from Vareš.The Lake was formed on the surface burrow of the former iron ore mine „Smreka“, in the early 1990s. This lake is the largest well of drinking water in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The depth of the lake is 107 meters, its length is 610 meters, while its width is 320 meters. The water in the lake itself comes from nearby streams and groundwater. The lake can be accessed from a local road.

It is most often used by anglers and swimmers. In the period from January and February, the lake is frozen by an average of 40 cm of ice. It is surrounded by the hill Kota, on the north side, and the hill Vekovac, on the south side. Surrounded by mountains, in the lake itself it is still possible to find machines used in the former mine. Also, in front of the lake there are other mining facilities, so you can see, after 30 years that it used to be a mine.

The lake itself, take a breath away every visitor, with his beauty. Lake lovers and nature lovers, we definitely recommend you to visit this beautiful pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina. With its greenish-blue color, the lake has an amazing and relaxing effect on every visitor. Therefore, if you are thinking about where you could travel and relax, then we definitely recommend that you visit Vareš first, and than this beautiful lake Nula.

                                                                                                                

       Written by Dalila Šečić

                                                                                                   Translated by Alma Gadžo

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The River Buna canals -Where love begins

Bunski kanali

The river Buna canals -Where love begins

Happiness takes two, love takes two,, and so, natural beauty takes, at least, two. The rivers Buna and Neretva, near Mostar speak the most beautiful language.
 
They speak with one voice about how their fairy tale begin. A fairy tale of two rivers.When two rivers met, they just became one.At
the confluence of the Buna and Neretva rivers, the fluvial process was created by natural phenomena, characteristic only for this part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, recognizable by travertine waterfalls, which connect the Buna with the Neretva.In this part, the entire river Neretva flows into the canal, a little more than three meters wide and about 850 meters long.
This phenomenon can only be seen in the summer, when the water level of the Neretva River is extremely low – when it is brought to a biological minimum, by the regulation of dams.
 
Beside off its attractive appearance, exceptional scientific significance and research potential for various fields of study, the Buna canals are becoming a significant natural tourist potential from year to year, representing a destination worth visiting

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IGMAN AND BJELAŠNICA ARE PLACES OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL MEMORIES

IGMAN AND BJELAŠNICA ARE PLACES OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL MEMORIES

Can you close your eyes to imagine yourself on a ski jump? Down below you, on your goal, a great crowd waiting for you to jump. Then when you finally get the strength and jump, you fly 75, 85 and finally land at 91 meters for the gold medal. You get to the finish line and then you cycle the path to Babin do, and you climb to 2000 meters and ski down a steep path to the target at 1200 meters of altitude. A warm tea and cheerful society is waiting for you. [umetnime] Yes, that was exactly ’84 at 25km from Sarajevo. There are also witnesses – skydivers, trails and lifts. Ah, that ’84 was weird and beautiful, cold and warm. At that time, active hops were at 70 and 90 meters. There were also Finches, Danes, Norwegians and Yugoslavs. They had one goal – to jump better, and today, unfortunately, most of the infrastructure is destroyed, but a lot has been updated and prepared for EYOF. Decorated with dense forests, the habitat is of many animals, and hunters are one of the favorite places for hunting, but besides hunting Bjelašnica and Igman offer other amenities such as alpinism, paragliding, riding, hiking, mountain biking, riding four-wheelers. There is a reserve with a high degree of biodiversity on Babina dolina and in the ravine valley. [umetnime] Bjelašnica is home to many traditional villages where visitors can get acquainted with the tradition and culture of the indigenous people. The most famous and most visited is Lukomir, although a multitude of culture and traditions of the indigenous people can be seen in Dejčići, Šabići and other villages that surround this mountain. It is interesting to note that on Bjelašnica the four seasons change in one day. On the other hand, Igman is a mountain with extremely high ozone concentrations, and as an air spa it is extremely suitable for training of sports teams. During the Olympics, a large field served as a competition in Nordic disciplines, and together with Bjelašnica there are about 50 kilometers of course for Nordic running and 160 marked mountain biking trails. Igman also has a unique locality of Mrazište (a phenomenon of thermal inversion), and the lowest temperature of – 43.5 ° C was recorded in January 1963, which is why once there was a silver fox breeding ground. [umetnime] At this point, there is a seasonal track, and pictures of autumn with new buildings in Babin dol are available in our gallery.

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ZELENGORA IS AN IDEAL PLACE FOR ADVENTURERS, BUT ALSO FOR FAMILY PEOPLE (PHOTO)

ZELENGORA IS AN IDEAL PLACE FOR ADVENTURERS, BUT ALSO FOR FAMILY PEOPLE (PHOTO)

You would like to spend your free time in nature where the air is clear and you wonder where you can do that? We give you an excellent idea. Our proposal is Zelengora. [umetnime] It is really beautiful mountain which has many various massive reliefs with many peaks, surrounded by rivers: Drina, Neretva and Sutjeska and all tributaries and creeks which flow into these three great beauties. Rich and varied flora offers you a real little eye paradise and the purity of the landscape will leave such an impression on you as human leg never walked in that place. [umetnime] Zelengora presents an ideal place for adventurers, family people, but also for those who are in love who want to surprise the partner with the romantic excursion or the young people who want to escape at least few hours from civilization and enjoy with their company. [umetnime] In addition to all natural resources, this mountain represents a kind of monument, the place where some important battles in the past were held, and thus brings us another dimension and value of this Bosnian gemstone. We hope you enjoy.

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