QUEEN KATARINA, A TRAGIC HEROINE OR JUST AN ORDINARY QUEEN

QUEEN KATARINA, A TRAGIC HEROINE OR JUST AN ORDINARY QUEEN

The position of a woman in society changed as time changed. Women in the Middle Ages haddifferent roles. They could be wives, mothers, nuns, and some women took up more social positions, such as the queen. Men always had a prominent role in society, and women were in a shadow, seemingly invisible, often a supply of peace and a means of exchange. Regardless of whether they are noblemen or “ordinary” women, they were considered as father’s, but also as husband’s property. The rights of women differed depending on class affiliation and marital status. Women in that period did not have the right to be the part of the Parliament, they were deprived of their education and all public functions, and their only task was to dedicate themselves to the household. As such, women did not have the right to vote. Marriage as the foundation of society played an important role. Marriage was pre-arranged, and women become man’s property, without the right to vote, because as they said then the only good woman was a silent woman. A woman couldn’t decide anything because there was a thought that males were smarter than females.

Now imagine the period of Middle Ages, the great castles, chambers, servants, the glittering gold, and all the benefits that bring money and power. Imagine impeccable suits, big and long dresses, and expensive jewelery. Imagine a woman. A woman who came to this home without choosing itand wanting being in it. A woman who had to fight for her right to vote, her position, respect, but also her love. As such was Queen Katarina, the woman who remained without her husband, children and homeland. She experienced the destiny of her people and her family, and she went to refuge to save the same people. In Middle Ages it was not easy being a woman, especially not at the court. As much as it seemed to us that they lived in splendor and well-being, that they were valued and respected, it was not easy to be a woman from the royal palace. Many of them did not know what love and freedom were. They got married for political and social reasons. Tha’s how it was with queen Katarina. Her marriage was a guarantee of peace between her father Stjepan Kosača and the future husband Stjepan Tomaš. She married quite late, because her father repelled the plague until someone showed up enough for his interests. Somebody like the Bosnian king. Katarina’s marriage was supposed to make a political balance in those areas. The wedding was performed by the Catholic Department in the court of Mihodra. As a well-educated nobleman, she married her to goodness, toughness and humility. She followed her husband on all travels, and many churches were built together, including the Church of St. Katarina in Jajce.

Then life of Queen Katarina was in the shadow of two powerful men, her father and her husband, and therefore there are not many details about her reign. There are only stories and legends that say that she loved her people a lot. Women learned household chores, and the most beautiful relationship. Very young, at age 37, she became widowed with two children, son Sigismund and daughter Katarina. Stjepan Tomašević, son of Stjepan Tomaš and Vojača, confesses to Katarina as a queen and her mother. Queen Katarina had difficult times. After empty promises and agreements, the Sultan had moved to the Bosnian kingdom. Bobovac fell quickly into the hands of the Ottomans. King Stjepan Tomašević was in Jajce, but after he realized that he could not go there for a long time, he went to Ključ. After some time spent in Ključ, because of the lack of weapons and food, the king decided to surrender on condition that the Sultan’s army guaranteed his life. However, the king was executed in Jajce in 1463. While winning, Bosnian Queen Katarina was in Kozograd. When she heard of her people’s guilt, she decided to go south to Konjic and then to Dalmacija. In one of the parades the queen went with the escort, and in the other were her children. Later, that decision became disastrous. The hostile army stopped the procession in which her children were and captured them. The queen learned this late, only in Dubrovnik. Just like every mother and queen, she was too, in a great pain for her children, but also for the disaster that has struck her people. She was a mother and a queen. She was trying to find out about her children for a long time, but everything was unsuccessful. Then, the queen went to Dubrovnik where she expected to find help and arm of salvation, but to the people of Dubrovnik it was not appropriate for them to find the queen of the lost kingdom, and they were most afraid of the conquest of Sultan Mehmed II. The Queen went to Rome where she found comfort in her faith. She became a member of the Third Order of the Franciscan Order and helped the sick. She spent all those years in sorrow and grief for her children and her homeland. She found out that her children converted into Islam. Later, it would be known that Sigismund became Ishak-beg, called Kraljević, and that he received a lesser faction in Asia. There was no historical data about her daughter, Katarina. Whether she married, where she lived, how and where she died, nothing   is known. With all these concerns, the suits for children and homeland, the queen falls short on the patient’s bed and expresses her desire to write her will. In the will she wrote that she left her kingdom to her children if they find them and if they accept the faith of her father. However, she was aware that this might never happen, and therefore left the kingdom to the Holy See.

Queen Katarina died 5 days after writing her last wish, October 25, 1478. She was buried in the Franciscan church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ara Coeli. On her grave the figure of a proud queen with a crown was displayed showing the coats of arms of the Bosnian state and the Kosaca family, and at the bottom the inscription was written by a Bosnian woman. A pious, intelligent woman, the great-hearted queen, left a deep trail among her people, and especially among women. The face of Queen Catherine depicts the sad and tragic destiny of many women who have lost their husbands, their children, and their homeland. There is hope for never repeating such events and no woman will experience the suffering and the pain that Queen Catherine has been fighting against.

 

 

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TODAY THERE ARE JUST STORIES ABOUT THAT TIME!

TODAY THERE ARE JUST STORIES ABOUT THAT TIME!

There are many stories about the past days today, and perhaps for a few years the story about the way of life then will be extinct.

Today, as we are naught about ourselves, our traditions and cultures are turning to the west, and we feel a disgrace to tell someone where we are from and what we have done in our


lives. West doesn’t want us, if it wanted us it would do much to help us, and did not offer only what violates our Bosnian-Herzegovinian society. Many of the sofras with the sweetest foods we ate are outdone and forgotten. The smell of hot cake and somun replaces white bread, so today we are healthy. And I – I will never be embarrassed from where I am, I am not ashamed of my grandma and her colorful scarfs, my mom and her colorful “dimije”. We don’t have time for our closest relatives or friends, we’d rather sit at home, chat on facebook and apologize for not having time for them rather than to go to coffee and talk in person, but that cost us, there is no time, and we have to buy it. Our elders have left many things to us in “amanet”, they are no longer here today, but there are many memories, tips and some vivid photographs that remind us of some good times of the past.

 

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The Bosniak Institute is a unique cultural and scientific institution

The Bosniak Institute is a unique cultural and scientific institution

Bosniak Institute – Foundation of Adil – bey Zulfikarpašić is the unique cultural and scientific institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina which possess museum, library, archive, gallery and cultural center which attracted a lot of attention in public from the very opening. Long time ago Armstrong said that a little group of decisive souls supported with strong wind in their mission can change the history. Sometimes it is needed faith instead of group of souls! Thus in 2001, the Bosniak Institute was opened as the result of the culmination of devotion and vision that couple Zulfikarpašić, Adil – bey and his wife Tatjana had had for many decades. Lifelong commitment to collecting materials about Bosnia and Herzegovina, the countries of the former Yugoslavia and the Balkans with the active publicistic and political work contributed to the achievement of such results. Bosniak Institute – Foundation of Adil – bey Zulfikarpašić is the unique cultural and scientific institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina which possess museum, library, archive, gallery and cultural center which attracted a lot of attention in public from the very opening. When we talk about the meeting with Bosnian tradition through the artifacts of traditional Bosnian furniture and clothes, objects, cultural events, collections of artistic works of Bosnian – Herzegovinian artists, and research of modern and Ottoman architecture, the Bosniak Institute is unavoidable place in the city of Sarajevo. Not many of us has a chance to change history, but all of us can work on that to change the part of a particular event, but in the whole, those events will be written as the history of one generation. The Bosniak Institute went this way and through various programs and activities it offered unique cultural events. According to that, it offers a unique walk through cultural history of our country, inheritance, tradition and culture. Except two objects which create complex of the Institute, better said, the Ottoman from the 16th century and the second, modern from the 21st century, the Bosniak Institute offers a wide spectrum of the museum’s artifacts which are the witnesses of the rich history, tradition and culture. The history is cruel master. It has no the present, just the past which goes towards the future. Because of that, do not doubt that you cannot change it, you have already did it.

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